Weather Modification - Myth or Reality ? Author and lecturer Jerry E. Smith discussed his investigation into weather modification, touching on such topics asHAARP, contrails, chemtrails, and global warming. There is a long history of weather modification-- attempts to induce artificial rain date back to 1880. During the Viet Nam war era, the US military's Project Popeye used cloud seeding over four Asian countries in order to disturb weather patterns, he reported. Project Stormfury was used to redirect and weaken hurricanes for a twenty-year period starting in the 1960s, said Smith, who added that China and especially Russia have advanced weather modification methods. He speculated that Saddam Hussein may have paid Russia to brew up the severe sandstorm that took place at the beginning of Gulf War II. The issue of chemtrails has become confused with persistent contrails, Smith commented. While such contrails may not be deliberate, they nonetheless are an environmental disaster, associated with both global warming and global dimming, he said. The spraying of chemtrails by scientific and military agencies could be considered a kind of "geo-engineering," and one purpose may be an attempt to mitigate global warming, he stated. Project HAARP, which alters the ionosphere, can be employed for military advantages, such as creating fog or cloud cover during an invasion, he added.